Sunday, 26 February 2017

Demeter Koko: in the aviary

Demeter Koko
post impressionist painter 
(German: "spät impressionist Maler") 
(Linz Austria 1891 - 1929 Linz)




I always thought by deciding Emil Pottner (1872-1942) as my favorite bird (poultry) artist  that this choice would be final. He was just the most wonderful and charming painter/drawer who happened also to be one be of the finest printmakers that ever lived.  



But last week during my daily rounds of research I stumbled over another wonderful artist who loved to paint poultry. He died very young of "consumption". Tuberculosis wearing the patient so down, this horrible desease seemed for early observers and diagnosis to "consume" the patient from the inside, lending the common name to the desease. We live in a truly wonderful and blessed age 100 years later tuberculosis is in our modern world almost eradicated and curable.  



Demeter Koko was trained in the painting school of Bertha von Tarnoczy (1846-1936) in Linz and then went to study in Heinrich Knirr's (1862-1944) painting school in Munich and also with  celebrated animal painter Heinrich von Zügel (1850-1941). He has a wonderful light and brilliant pallet.





He worked from the the end of WW1 untill his untimely death as a painter of animals in Linz and was during his short life famous for his paintings and drawings of poultry. Just like Emil Pottner who also originated from Austria (Salzburg) but had settled in Petzow near Berlin. Potter was murdered in the Holocaust.




Demeter Koko had an artistic sister Sophie Koko but I have not been able to find much about her life or career. Her portrait was painted by her brother while his  portrait was painted by Karl Hauk (1898-1974). 






All pictures borrowed freely from the Internet for friendly, educational and non commercial use only. 
    

Thursday, 9 February 2017

Fryklund, Gunhild Maria: Swedish printmaker


(Stora Kil Värmland 02-01-1892 – 1970)


Several years ago I shared the flower woodblock prints by Swedish printmaker  Maja Fjaested (1873-1961), today I share the prints I was able to find in the Internet by a student off her husband, but I have reasons to believe (below) she may have been more inspired by Maja in her printmaking.     


Swedish artist and printmaker. Daughter of arts & crafts artist Gustaf Fryklund en Josefina Nilsdotter. Studied 1911 with Otto Hesselblom (1848-1913), in Göteborg Valand art academy and with Gustaf Fjæstad (1868-1948).




Solo exhibitions in Gummeson art galery in Stockholm in 1925 en 1940 and together with Thor Fagerkvist (1884-1960) and Paul Grundmark (1887-1972) in the New Museum in 1929 and at Liljeval “Kunsthal” she was represented with 22 works. 



She created landscapes, interiors, portraits in oil and was a woodblock printmaker. Her work is collected in the Värmland and  Halmstad museums.






She is mentioned in several Scandinavian artists lexicons and this last print showed up recently in an online auction site. 


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All pictures borrowed freely from the Internet for friendly, educational and non commercial use only. 

Thursday, 2 February 2017

Rosa Paul: Schweinfurt printmaker

A fortnight ago I introduced miss Rosa Paul from Schweinfurt (here, or follow the label below) in this Blog. For a century nobody but the director of the St. Gallen Museum knew about this forgotten printmaker shared in his Martha Cunz exhibition catalogue "Faszination Farbholzschnitt".



With some help and armchair research in the historic adress books found in the public website "Mein Schweinfurt" and some serious puzzling some more light can now be thrown upon this unknown painter and printmaker. Research in local historic archives, some serious genealogical research and perhaps an article in a local newspaper on this undeservedly forgotten artistic daughter of Schweinfurt will no doubt lead to a renewed interest and respect. 



Stars: Rossmarkt 1 & 3, Postplatz 2. Arrow towards the Firewatch tower

Here's what I deduced from the facts found in the Website records and with the help of readers Wolfgang in Frankfurt and Dorothea in Mittelfranken. 



Rossmarkt buildings with shared roof and before floors were added (before 1912) 

When widowed Lisette Paul-Wagner, probably with her two  daughters Rosa (1884-1936) and Margarethe (1880-1962), moved to Rossmarkt nr. 1 somewhere between 1896 and  1904 she had moved from nearby "Postplatz 2"  formerly known as "an der Fleischbank 2")  where her husband Gottlob Paul had been Inn keeper, at "Weinstube Paul" and where she will have worked and lived with her family until the new owners took over the business.  
In 1890 the old "Fleischbank" (meat market) was demolished to make room for the new post office. The square, formerly known as "an der Fleischbank" was renamed Postplatz.  


The building with the "Fachwerk" upper left is probably the Inn: Gaststätte/Weinstube Paul.

Before Gottlob Paul the Inn was owned by Wolfgang Paul: let us for or now assume he was Gottlob's father, Rosa' grandfather. Wolfgang Paul is mentioned from the records the owner of Weinstube Paul in 1846 and 1856. In 1886 he is recorded as retired living at "An der Fleischmarkt nr. 4". Gottlob is mentioned as the owner in 1886 and 1895. Somewhere between 1895 and 1904 he will have died. In 1904-1921 the Inn was owned by Johann Michael Paul and in 1925 by Elise Paul (is she, could she be identical with Lisette ??). From 1925 also "GastwirtKarl Paul and his wife ("Stütze"" Helene Paul are mentioned living here. 



It is said the Inn was run by the Paul family until 1932 and then changed ownership. It would be logical to think Johann was the son of Gottlob, and thus brother of Rosa. But if Gottlob and Lisette had no boy (old enough) as successor it could also be Johann succeeded the business as a nephew. The only other "Paul" mentioned in the 19th century Schweinfurt adress books is Leander Paul a "Maschinenschlosser" (engine fitter). His relationship to the before mentioned is speculation. But Leander could very well be Gottlob's brother. From here on genealogical research by a local interested person or historian will no doubt reveal family connections. 



In this photo both buildings, the ancestral Postplatz Inn and the later Rossmarkt home of Rosa Paul can be seen
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Rossmarkt 1/3


Entire south facade composed from two photo's (2 stories added Rossmarkt 1-3) as Rosa would have known it. She lived in one of the floors in the second from left house next to "Weinstube zur Traube".  

As only adult citizens (house owners and main occupants) were recorded in the adress books (it was not a census) the widowed Lisette (= Elisabeth = Elise?) is recorded in Rossmarkt 1 in 1904, 1908 (at nr. 3) and 1913 (at nr. 1). She is not mentioned in the 1921 address book.

Weinwirtschaft "zur Traube" obviously survived WW2 bombing damage (1950's VW beetle model) and the entrance was changed. Today it is replaced by the Rossmarkt Apotheke (see below) 

 Cafe ........... (sign in the window) ..... Rosa Paul ??

1925: Rosa & Margaretha Paul are living at nr. 3.

Margaretha lives her until 1938 and them moves to Frankengasse 25.

View from one of the floors of Rossmarkt 1, possibly from Rosa's home. 
Before 1907: fire watch tower at the end of the Mang-gasse is not yet restored. 

From here on following only the information from the adress books is speculation: some proper investigation on the spot is required. After 1967/68 no Paul family members are found in the Schweinfurt telephone books.  


Rossmarkt destructions after allied bombing 1943-45, Weinstube zur Traube (later restored) and nr. 1-3 still standing but ruined. The Bauschenhaus, direct hit, almost disappeared.  

Since the house Rossmarkt 1-3 is mentioned to be owned by one Emil Hofmann and later by Babette Hoffmann (widdow) I think we can assume the building with nr. 1 (and 3) is not the corner building "Gasthaus und Weinstube zur Traube" because this building has recorded different ownership. Somewhere between 1900 and 1912 two stories were added to the building 1-3. Some 13 different people are registered living here. Among them a Wilhelm Wagner (possibly related to Lisette Paul-Wagner).

Rebuild Rossmarkt Schweinfurt 

After 18 months of bombing raids (targeting the strategic ball-bearing factories) half the houses of Schweinfurt were damaged and/or lost. Today "Weinstube zur Traube" houses the Rossmarkt Apotheke and nr. 1-3 is replaced by modern shopping buildings. The fire watch, also heavily damaged by bombs was eventually torn down in the 1950's.  
Former Weinstube "zur Traube",  Rossmarkt 1-3 now united with the former Bauschhaus. 

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I invite any interested party to follow-up on our preliminary investigations with further investigations, comments, corrections and suggestions.  

With many thanks to Wolfgang in Frankfurt, Theodora in Mittelfranken, Dr. Daniel Studer in Sankt Gallen and Schweinfurt Historical Website coordinator Peter Hofmann in Schweinfurt. Most historic photo's were found in this website


All pictures borrowed freely from the Internet for friendly, educational and non commercial use only.       

Saturday, 28 January 2017

Eibsee und Zugspitze

M. Jung ?
(Unknown printmaker) 

"Eibsee and Zugspitze" near Garmisch Partenkirchen 


This print was in Ebay for quite some time and I have no clue yet who might have created it. I read M. Jung.?? but I may be mistaken. It has been cut and printed in the "traditional" way much like these "Fichte", fir trees, by my printmaking muze Else Schmiedeberg. 



I have no printmakers in my archive with these initials but Vienna "Wienerwerkstatt" artist M(oriz) Jung (1885-1915) but what I know of his wonderful graphic work does not come near although he is mentioned as "Holzschnitt" artist. 


I'm not an Alps or Bavaria expert but Googling I discovered this spectacularly beautiful region on the German-Austrian border: near Garmisch Partenkirchen, some 70 km south of Munich. The location is pretty accurate. And thanks to the limitless possibilities of the Internet I think this photo is taken from about the same spot where the artist stood 80-100 (?) years ago.  





Please help me to identify this printmaker. 

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All pictures borrowed freely from the Internet for friendly and educational and non commercial use only. 

Tuesday, 24 January 2017

Wilhelm Koch: Kreuzkirche in Reichenberg (Liberec)

Koch, Wilhelm 
(24-04-1892 – last mentioned 1962)


In before post my research into this print and its maker that showed up in Ebay recently brought me to Dresden artist Hildegard Koch. I've never come across her name before and I learned, to my surprise, she lived next door to to some well known early women printmakers, even exhibiting with them in Dresden. I do not think Hildegard was into printmaking (there's no proof whatsoever) so I conclude I may have never met her otherwise. A lucky encounter. 




I even had in my pictures archive a (better) picture of another copy of this remarkably good  "Kreuzkirche" print but now titled: "Abenddämmering" (twilight)  




The print shows the "Kreuzkirche" in Reichenberg and is titled "Unterhalb der Kreuzkirche". Reichenberg = Liberec, a small industrial town in Bohemia (now Czech republic), north of Prag, home town of another great printmaker: Carl Johne (1887-1959). It took a while connecting Wilhelm to this particular church but finally we did (thanks again Wolfgang).



Johne, working as a teacher Reichenberg "Knabenschule" (school for boys, below) will no doubt have known the maker of this print: Wilhelm Koch. He also for many years held a position as a teacher in a Reichenberg school. 



Koch was a painter, illustrator and graphic artist. I cannot say he was born in Reichenberg, he is also mentioned living in Achental near Törwang in Upper Bavaria near the Austrian border. But that could also have been after WW2 when all German citizens were forced to leave and expelled. 


Wilhelm Koch: unidentified location.
All suggestions and identification welcomed.

Karl Johne: Römerstadt in central Bohemia (now Czech Republic) 

He studied 1910/12 in Reichenberg at the “Kunstschule des Gewerbe-museums”, which gives reason to believe he was actually from this region. In 1913/14 in Gablonz' (near Liberec) “Kunstgewerbliche Fachschule für Glas und Metall” and 1915/16 at Vienna “Kunstgewerbeschule”(Art and Craft school). In Reichenberg-Liberec he taught for many years (1926-1945) graphics and Arts and Crafts in Reichenberg's “Kreisberufsschule” and is mentioned for his color woodblock prints (only two known).


View on Reichenberg ("Heimat") by Carl Johne.  

He illustrated “Zwischen Himmel und Erde” by Otto Ludwig (1813-1865) and works by  Theodor Storm (1817-1888) an exhibited 1929 in Landesmuseum Stuttgart (see below for Stuttgart). He was als involved in the celebrations with the 100th anniversary of Karl May (1842-1912) in 1942. 



Ferdinand Porsche (Reichenberg 1875-1951 Stuttgart ) was also born in the Reichenberg region, he died in Stuttgart leaving an imperium.  

Wilhelm Koch is not mentioned in Dresslers Kunsthandbuch, but he is Thieme-Becker and in Kürschners Graphiker-Handbuch 1959. 


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All pictures borrowed freely from the Internet for friendly, educational and non commercial use only. 

          

Monday, 23 January 2017

Hildegard Koch: forgotten.

Koch, Hildegard 
(1871 – after 1921 before 1930 ?)
Dresden painter and printmaker

I have to make corrections on this posting within 24 hours. The print described was not created by Hildegard Koch. The research however unexpectedly lead to the proper artist. Please see next posting on Wilhelm Koch. 
   
Hildegard Koch lived and worked in Dresden and (1898 - ?)  in Kipsdorf-im-Erzgebirge (20 km. south of Dresden) in the "Erzgebirge (Ore-mauntains). I have no proof source to where she was born. She is not mentioned in any of the artists lexicons.  


She had also been a member of the "Verein der Berliner Künstlerinnen" 1898-1916 and exhibited with the VdBK 1898, 1901, suggesting she may have studied in Berlin. This painting and the postcard below are the only examples of her work I as able to find. 


Later we find her also a member of “Gruppe der Dresdner Künstlerinnen”, around 1904, and exhibiting in 1908 in “Galerie Arnold” with Doris am Ende (1857-1944), Clotilde Schilling (1858-1934), Bertha Schrader (1845-1920) and Lina von Zieten (?) and others. Please help to identify this last artist ! 


Hildegard Koch is not graphically known by any woodblock print. This print surfaced in German Ebay last month showing a winter landscape and a twin towered “Kreuzkirche” possibly somewhere south of Dresden, in the Ore Mountains region (“Erz-gebirge”), possibly around Dresden. It would be nice to identify the church and its town. Reading the signature "Hilf." I wrongly assumed it could be made by her. It's not, but the print has lead me to her surprising adres in Dresden and more surprisingly to her printmaking colleagues and even neighbors. This mistake (wrong path of investigation) shows how little we know of the lives of so many wonderful artists. 
I am not ashamed to prove myself wrong. It is an accepted way of research when open for criticism and fresh ideas (thank you Wolfgang in Frankfurt for you help and suggestions).     


In Dresden Hildegard Koch lived in 1921 at Ostbahnstrasse 1, in a street were artist liked to have a studio because of North facing windows: at nr. 2 lived Elisabeth Andrae (1876-1945) and Erna Ottillie Bercht (1881-1966) while Clothilde Schilling (1858-1934) lived at nr. 16. Printmaking ladies whom we've met met before.


Ostbahnstrasse Dresden

Dresslers KHB 1921: Dresden, Ostbahnstrasse 1. Member VdK.
Dresslers KHB 1930: not mentioned, suggesting she stopped living 1921-1930.

Post card made by Hildegard Koch in Kipsdorf  

Hildegard Koch today is a largely forgotten artist. These are the only facts and examples of her art I was able to scratch together. But slowly pieces of the historic puzzle in artistic Dresden begin to form pictures: follow the labels: Andrea, Schilling, Schrader.        

Do send corrections and additions for sharing and help me in my research into early German woodblock printmaking by woman artists born 1850-1900. 

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All pictures borrowed freely from the Internet for friendly, educational and non commercial use only.